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A herniated disc is a frequent spine problem that produces pain and other symptoms. It happens when a gel-like material bulges from a spinal disc, compressing adjacent nerves.
This disorder is also known as a slipping disc and, in some instances, a prolapsed disc. Most herniated discs in Gurgaon may be resolved with rest and recovery as the initial therapy.
Discs are formed of a robust outer shell with a gel-like center between your spinal column’s bones (vertebrae). The gel in the discs allows the spine to bend and flex while also acting as a shock absorber between the vertebrae.
The discs grow less flexible and stiffen as we age, making them more prone to rips. A herniated disc in Gurgaon might develop due to a single severe strain or injury. However, as disc degeneration proceeds with age, some persons may create ruptured discs from modest songs or twists.
The following factors can increase the probability of a herniated disc:
A herniated disc is most commonly diagnosed between 30 and 50. Men are impacted nearly twice as frequently as women.
Some people may have a herniated disc yet have no symptoms. Others suffer from severe, incapacitating symptoms. The location of the herniated disc determines the symptoms encountered. Herniated discs are most commonly found in the lower back (or lumbar spine).
Sciatica is the most prevalent symptom of a herniated disc. It is usually an acute shooting pain that runs down the back of one leg from the buttocks.
Other symptoms that may occur as a result of a herniated disc include:
Bowel or bladder difficulties might indicate cauda equina syndrome, an uncommon but deadly consequence of a herniated disc. If this is suspected, seek immediate medical assistance.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scanning and X-rays are routinely used to confirm the diagnosis of a herniated disc.
A myelogram, which involves injecting dye into the fluid around the spine before taking X-rays, can reveal pressure on the spinal cord or nerves caused by a herniated disc.
Nerve conduction examinations, which monitor nerve impulses to the muscles, may also be advised.
A herniated disc is often treated with rest, pain medication, and physiotherapy.
Bed rest is typically only suggested for up to two days after the beginning of discomfort. More extended rest periods are ineffective at hastening recovery and may even delay it. Keeping up as much mild activity as possible while avoiding unpleasant postures or motions is advisable.
A cold compress on the affected area may reduce discomfort and inflammation when symptoms first appear. Applying mild heat to the afflicted area after a few days may relieve pain.
Paracetamol and ibuprofen are two medications regularly used to treat the pain associated with a herniated disc. Muscular relaxants may also be administered to treat muscular spasms. Corticosteroid pills or injections may be prescribed in some circumstances. A combination of steroids and anesthesia may be injected directly into the spine for acute pain when other treatments have failed.
To preserve mobility and improve the muscles in the back, a mix of physiotherapy treatments and specialized exercises will be performed. Visit Gold Medal Physiotherapy at home treatment for slipped disc.
Surgery may be suggested if non-surgical therapy fails to reduce or eliminate discomfort. If surgery is being considered, it is critical to address the benefits and drawbacks of the procedure, as well as the risks associated with the doctor. Herniated disc surgery may comprise the following methods:
All or part of the injured disc is removed to alleviate pressure on the spinal nerves. A discectomy can be “open” surgery (open discectomy) or “minimally invasive surgery” (microdiscectomy).
The lamina of the vertebrae is removed to allow more excellent room for the spinal nerves, alleviating pressure on them and lowering discomfort.
The disc is removed, and individual vertebrae are fused to minimize mobility. Spinal fusion is a procedure that stabilizes the spine and reduces strain on the spinal nerves.
A herniated disc can be avoided by making the following lifestyle changes: