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Your shoulder hurts when reaching overhead, into your back pocket, or while getting dressed. Even if you do not remember getting hurt, if you experience these symptoms, you might have a frozen shoulder.
Frozen shoulder is also known as adhesive capsulitis, and it makes the shoulder joint painful and stiff. The majority of the time, symptoms and signs begin mildly before getting worse. It usually takes one to three years for symptoms to get better.
The likelihood of developing a frozen shoulder increases when a shoulder must be kept still for an extended period. It could occur following surgery or an arm break.
Exercises designed to increase the range of motion treat frozen shoulders. Injections of numbing agents and corticosteroids are occasionally used as treatment. Rarely is arthroscopic surgery required to loosen the joint capsule and allow greater mobility.
Recurrence of frozen shoulder in the same shoulder is uncommon. However, some people, typically within five years, can develop it in the opposite shoulder.
This inflammatory condition significantly reduces the range of motion (typically external rotation) and causes the GH joint capsule to fibrosis. It also gradually increases stiffness.
Most adults with frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) are between the ages of 40 and 60.
However, this condition can strike anyone at any age. Risk factors include, besides age:
Gender. Frozen shoulder is more common in women. According to experts, this results from changes in hormone levels, such as menopause.
Diabetes. 10% to 20% more people with diabetes will develop frozen shoulders.
—as opposed to the 2% of the general population.
The exact cause of this rise is unknown. Still, some experts have hypothesized that glucose (sugar) molecules may bind to the naturally occurring collagen proteins in the shoulder joint capsule and stiffen them. Diabetes increases the risk of developing this condition in both shoulders.
Additional ailments and conditions. Diabetes increases the risk of developing a frozen shoulder, but so do other health conditions, such as:
One of the earliest signs of Parkinson’s may be stiff shoulders.
Frozen shoulder has also been reported in people with breast or lung cancer.
Periods of inactivity. A frozen shoulder can result from extended periods of lethargy brought on by an injury, surgery, stroke, or illness. During these times, people may become prone to inflammation or experience the onset of stiff tissue. Following shoulder surgery, completing physical therapy exercises can aid in avoiding this condition.
These specific symptoms typically manifest over about 24 months in four stages:
Usually, a frozen shoulder develops slowly over three stages.
Some people’s pain worsens at night, sometimes making sleeping difficult.
People need to be made aware of why this happens so suddenly. A frozen shoulder may develop after a shoulder fracture, surgery, or injury. Additionally, it may begin if the shoulder is not used commonly. It is possible when the arm is kept in a sling for several weeks following a wrist fracture. Some people, for some reason, appear to develop an autoimmune reaction when a joint is immobilized following an injury.
In addition, the frozen shoulder has been known to develop following non-shoulder-related surgeries and even after a heart attack recovery. Other shoulder conditions like bursitis, rotator cuff tears, or impingement syndrome may cause frozen shoulders. The underlying condition may result in chronic inflammation and pain, which would cause you to use that shoulder less, in accordance with medical theory. It produces a situation that could lead to a frozen shoulder. Typically, treating the frozen shoulder is necessary before addressing the underlying issue to restore movement to the shoulder.
The two primary objectives of treatment are to improve motion and lessen pain. Home Physical therapy is typically prescribed to increase activity. The patient is taught at-home exercises that may involve using a wand or overhead pulley by the physical therapist, who also moves the patient’s arm to stretch the capsule. They might also apply heat, ice, ultrasound, or electrical stimulation. The therapist will demonstrate a stretching routine that you should practice at least once or twice daily. To increase shoulder motion, these exercises use a cane, a home pulley system, and an elastic cord.
If you want to cure the problem of a Frozen shoulder, then you should check out Gold Medal Physiotherapy. They are one of the best Physiotherapists in Gurgaon for effectively treating Frozen shoulders.